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Other resources

Realist research appraoches
Meta-narrative reviews
External websites
Video archive


Realist research approaches

Realistic Evaluation
Ray Pawson and Nick Tilley 1997
Sage, London

Evidence-Based Policy: A Realist Perspective
Ray Pawson 2006
Sage, London

The Science of Evaluation: A realist manifesto
Ray Pawson 2013
Sage, London


Meta-narrative reviews

Storylines of research in diffusion of innovation: a meta-narrative approach to systematic review
Trisha Greenhalgh, Glenn Robert, Fraser Macfarlane, Paul Bate, Olympia Kyriakidou, Richard Peacock
Social Science & Medicine Volume 61, Issue 2, July 2005, Pages 417-430


External websites

Additional resources on realist research may be found at:

The realist hive

Theory-driven inquiry for health systems research

Realist synthesis: The website

Literature Searching for Realist Synthesis

The RAMESES mailing list Files Area


Video Archive

Professor Ray Pawson introducing realist evaluation
Whilst realist evaluation is primary research, many of its underpining principles are shared with realist reviews.

The Basics of realist evaluation -
This 14 min video is an edited down overview of the four video clips listed below and so contains some repetition content-wise.

Realist evaluation Part 1 - key principles (7 minutes) introduces the key elements of realist evaluation.

Realist evaluation Part 2 - tackling complexity (9 minutes) looks at how realist evaluation helps to address complexity in social programmes.

Realist evaluation Part 3 - types of evidence (8 minutes) looks at how the method makes use of evidence and the value of a multi-method approach.

Realist evaluation Part 4 - cumulative learning and scientific method (7.5 minutes) looks at how evaluation can better contribute to cumulative learning and employ scientific methods.

Thanks to Robin Vincent and Ray Pawson for these videos.